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Wildlife Reservoirs, is the badger a costly distraction, a scapegoat ...?

 Added by  Thomas (Guest)
 22 Jul 2010, 6:43 PM

Prof John Bourne, who conducted the infamous ten year, government-funded study which showed that badger killing is a waste of time and money, recalled what he was told by a senior politician:
"Fine, John, we accept your science, but we have to offer farmers a carrot. And the only carrot we can possibly give them is culling badgers."
This strand on the forum deals mainly with the wildlife reservoirs involved in the bovine TB saga. In the UK this is, as we are probably all aware by now, believed to be mainly the badger. No other mammal has been studied in the UK as intensely as the badger so actually we don't really know just how other animals are implicated. In other countries different species are implicated. There are some anomalies too, including the example below.
Has anyone an explanation for the following!
According to last issue of Gwlad, Australia is now bTB free after 27 years of trying. We are told it has no wildlife reservoir. New Zealand is still aiming for eradication. It has a wildlife reservoir - possums - which are considered a pest species as not indigenous so are being culled - and vaccinated!
HOWEVER - possums ARE native to Australia and bTB was rife in country for years so - why are the Australian possums not a reservoir?

The consequences of badger cull are more far reaching and badger persecution is rife, Please see below the text of the Badger Trust letter to the Right Honourable Elizabeth Truss, MP, Secretary of State for the Environment Food & Rural Affairs, which was sent on 19th March 2015 following our meeting with her on 3rd March 2015.
Dear Secretary of State
During our meeting on Tuesday, 3rd March to discuss the government’s badger cull policy, you gave us an undertaking that your department would issue a statement condemning the illegal killing and persecution of badgers. To date we have not seen such a statement and are therefore concerned to know the reason for the delay.
As you are aware all badgers and their setts are fully protected by the Protection of Badgers Act 1992. Anyone who takes, kills or injures a badger, or who interferes with a badger sett, can be sent to prison for six months and/ or be fined up to £5,000.
We are particularly concerned that the pilot badger culls have caused a huge increase in illegal killing, something DEFRA’s own Risk & Issues Logs (RILs) clearly predicted. The Badger Trust Incidents Report, which compiles annual records from our supporters, general public, police and the RSPCA has shown a 116% increase from 323 persecution incidents in 2012 to 697 in 2013.
These incidents not only show a worrying escalation in the number of farmers and landowners willing to illegally kill badgers but also in the cruel methods used, such as by gassing, shooting, poisoning and snaring. The apparent legitimising of these abhorrent activities by the implementation of the government’s cull needs to be addressed immediately.
These attacks have become a blight on our society and countryside, and we feel it very important that Government Ministers are seen to be leading the fight against wildlife crime, particularly the Secretary of State responsible for DEFRA. We shall put this letter in the public domain and look forward to seeing your response in the very near future.
Yours sincerely
Dominic Dyer
CEO Badger Trust
See article at: www.theecologist.org/blogs_and_comments/commentators/2795093/will_the_badger_cull_cost_the_tories_the_election_it_certainly_ should.html
The Gloucestershire Badger Group chaired by Tony Dean together with local campaigners have welcomed the announcement by Natural England that the NFU’s subsidiary cull contractor Gloscon may be stripped of their licence to cull this year. This threat follows the failure of Gloscon to achieve even half their target of 615 badgers in last year’s cull.
“Things are just going from bad to worse for this policy,” comments Tony Dean. “We warned all along that culling badgers simply wasn't practical and despite throwing millions of pounds of taxpayer’s money at it, the NFU has been unable to achieve the most basic requirement of the pilot culls.”
The government and NFU have tried to blame the cull’s failure on protester activities and ‘intimidation’, but Gloucester Constabulary were quick to rebut this, stating that only three arrests had been made during the last cull and they were all part of a single incident.
“We know from the police that a significant number of cull operatives have had their firearms licences amended to prevent them taking part in future culling as a result of breaches of safety or licence protocols,” continues Tony Dean. “Gloscon have struggled from the start to get enough operatives to do this work and that surely is a major reason why these culls have failed. If their licence is revoked we cannot see anyone else being able to step in to do it.”
Badger campaigners are equally dismissive of recent claims about the cull’s impact on bovine TB (bTB) by pro-cull vet Roger Blowey, farmer David Grifiths and NFU President Meurig Raymond. “They are clutching at straws,” says Peter Martin, who was involved in the peaceful protests during the cull and has recently become a member of the Gloucestershire Badger Group. “Analysis of Defra’s own figures shows a sustained general trend downwards in bTB across many English counties, including those that have seen no culling of badgers. These same figures show a direct link between increased cattle testing over the last six years and significant reductions in rates of bTB.”
“Most of the cattle in Gloucestershire will not have been tested again since the end of the cull, so it is simply not possible to state whether it has had any effect on bTB rates, an observation confirmed recently by the government’s own Chief Veterinary Officer, Nigel Gibbens. Equally, the fact none of the culled badgers was ever tested for bTB shows that the whole process of culling is not only unscientific but being conducted ‘blind’.
“The area of Gloucestershire actually culled is simply too small to make any difference to cattle bTB,” continues Peter Martin, “of the 274 badgers they managed to kill, existing scientific research tells us only 1.6% will have been infectious, which equates to less than five badgers. How could that possibly be linked to a reduction in bTB across the county?”
Badger Trust CEO Dominic Dyer said: “The NFU are becoming increasingly isolated as more and more people distance themselves from this disastrous policy. Even their spokesman Andrew Guest complained on BBC Radio’s Farming Today that it wasn't possible to know how many badgers there are and how difficult they are to kill at night. But the biggest clue for us is that the Environment Secretary Liz Truss was conspicuously non-committal on the government’s plans for the cull when pressed at our meeting in Whitehall on 3rd March 2015. We can’t help wondering now if she already knew that Natural England could be about to pull the plug on the whole sorry enterprise.”
Badger Trust Press Release 9/3/15
The Badger Trust's report of its recent meeting with Liz Truss, DEFRA Secretary of State, is at http://www.badgertrust.org.uk/news/posts/2015/liz-truss-meeting-update.aspx - an interesting meeting but of significant concern was: 'We knew our facts and we were no doubt better briefed and had a clearer understanding of TB policy than the Secretary of State who is responsible for its implementation.'

Badger Trust calls on NFU to stop misleading the public over the impact of badger culling
Ahead of a meeting with the Environment Secretary Liz Truss on the 3 March, the Badger Trust has called on the National Farmers’ Union to stop misleading the public by making claims over the impact of badger culling on TB rates in cattle in the Gloucestershire and Somerset cull zones, which have no scientific foundation and are not supported by Government data from the pilot badger culls.
At the NFU Annual Conference in Birmingham on Tuesday 24 February, the NFU President Meurig Raymond stated: “I want to stress that in the two pilot areas in Somerset and Gloucestershire we are already seeing that TB incidence on farms has declined. Not just by a small amount either, in the Somerset Pilot area TB incidence on farms has decreased from 34% to 11% compared with two years’ ago”.
He then went on to say: “just two days’ ago, one of our Gloucestershire members was given the fantastic news that his farm is now clear of TB for the first time in 11 years. He is very clear that the only thing that’s changed on his farm is that we are now doing something to control the disease in wildlife”.
When making these statements the NFU President at no point confirmed that it was far more likely these reductions in TB (which have also been seen outside of the cull zones) were due to tighter testing, movement and biosecurity controls forced on the UK farming sector by the European Commission in 2012. He also made no mention of the fact that DEFRA have not released any data on the pilot culls to support any claims about the impact of badger culling on TB rates in cattle.
In responding to the claims by the NFU, the CEO of the Badger Trust said:
“Nigel Gibbens, the DEFRA Chief Veterinary Officer, recently stated that: “the fall in TB outbreaks in cattle herds, cannot be attributed either to the pilot culls or in Wales to their badger vaccination programme. It is to do with continued strengthening of the cattle measures”.
“Meurig Raymond seems to have forgotten these important facts when it comes to his NFU conference speech.
“The Badger Trust would never make any claims about the impact of badger vaccination without scientific evidence to back it up and we expect the NFU to do the same, when it comes to making claims about the impact of badger culling.
“We must deal in facts not fiction when it comes to assessing the impact of the badger culls on lowering bovine TB. When it comes to real facts the case against the badger cull policy is damning.
“Approximately £15 million has been spent killing 2476 badgers to date (£6058 a badger). None of these culled badgers were tested for TB, but data from a Government-led scientific trial and results from badgers tested by DEFRA in 2013 for the European Food Safety Authority, indicate a disease rate no higher than 15%.
“Many of these badgers were shot by poorly trained marksmen with no effective monitoring and took up to 10 to 15 minutes to die a long painful death by multiple gunshot wounds.
“This is despite the fact that the DEFRA Chief Scientist Ian Boyd confirmed at an NFU TB conference in November 2014, that the transmission rate of TB from badgers to cattle is less than 6%. The key route of infection is cattle to cattle transfer.”
Despite culling around 6,000 badgers each year (total body count now over 100,000) the Republic of Ireland experienced a rise in reactors last year - 533 more reactors than 2013, which is around a 3% increase.
See http://www.farmersjournal.ie/tb-levels-rise-by-3-in-2014-174589/
Labour Party listens to Badger Trust & vows to stop disastrous and inhumane badger cull.
The Labour Party will today launch its pre-election wildlife protection and animal welfare pledges at the Wetland Wildlife Reserve in Barnes West London.
Following discussions with the Badger Trust and other wildlife conservation groups, a key commitment will be to stop the current cruel badger cull policy. The Shadow Environment Secretary, Maria Eagle MP will tell MP's, journalists and representatives from wildlife protection organisations attending the launch event, that an incoming Labour Government is committed to stopping both the badger cull pilots and national roll out of the cull policy.
"Dominic Dyer, CEO of the Badger Trust, who will be attending the launch event said "The Badger Trust organised a major debate on the badger cull policy at the last Labour Party conference in Manchester and along with other NGO's we have worked closely with the Shadow Environment Team over the last 12 months, to help shape their thinking on this policy.
“With a recent MORI poll showing that the badger cull was the fifth most common issue of complaint to MPs in 2014, Ed Milliband is only too aware of the huge, intense public anger over this cruel and ineffective policy.
“I am pleased to see that the Labour Party recognise that the badger cull has been a massive failure on scientific, economic & humaneness grounds and that playing the badger blame game must be stopped when it comes to reducing the spread of bovine TB.
“An incoming Labour Government only have to look to Wales for a far more effective bovine TB reduction strategy, which is based on tighter cattle testing, movement and bio security controls supported by badger vaccination rather than culling.
“This policy has delivered a 48% drop in new outbreaks of TB in cattle herds in Wales over the last 5 years and has proved a far better deal for the tax payer and farmers together with the protection of our wildlife.
“Any attempt by the Government to claim that the culling of tens of thousands of badgers in Ireland by gassing, snaring and shooting justifies a similar policy in England, has been completely undermined by the latest data from the Irish Government which shows that TB rates in cattle rose by 3% in Ireland in 2014
“I also look forward to taking this message to the Environment Secretary Liz Truss when she meets with the Badger Trust on the 3 March"
Info from press relase from Badger Trust 18/2/15
The Labour leader, Ed Miliband, took part in a question and answer session in Stroud, Glos recently. One of the topics discussed was the badger cull in the county which took place just a few miles away. He promised it would stop under a Labour government.
We are against the cull, we've got to stop it going ahead. I say be guided by the science on this, why not just be guided by the science. And the science is telling us that it isn't the answer.
Ministers were warned of badger cull risks, documents show
Risk registers published after freedom of information battle reveal warnings over strong public opposition and risk of making bovine TB problem worse, not better.
Ministers were warned of the severe risks posed by England’s controversial badger cull three years before they began, according to documents released after a two-year legal battle.
Strong public opposition to the policy halting the cull was one of the top-ranked problems assessed by the ‘risk registers’, which are released the day after David Cameron admitted the badger cull is “probably the most unpopular policy I’m responsible for”.
Other significant risks were that the cull could cause an increase in tuberculosis in cattle, rather than decrease it, cost more than the funds available to government agencies and the police, and that “disagreement on the evidence base” would lead to “conflicting messages” to ministers.
The pilot culls in Gloucestershire and Somerset have repeatedly missed their targets for the minimum number of badgers shot, leading experts to warn that disrupted badgers could spread TB further. Most independent scientists have condemned the cull and an independent panel ruled the first year’s culling to be neither effective or humane. The culls cost the government £6.3m in the first two years and the police £3.5m in the first year alone.
“The risk registers clearly show a policy that should never have moved beyond the starting blocks,” said Dominic Dyer, chief executive of the Badger Trust and policy advisor for Care for the Wild. “From day one it was clear to all involved that badger culling would be hugely expensive and would pose a significant risk of TB spread as a result of perturbation. If the public and MPs were given access to this information before the policy was implemented, we could have stopped this disastrous cull, saving millions of pounds of public money and the lives of thousands of badgers.”
The Badger Trust requested the risk registers, compiled in 2010, using freedom of information laws. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) refused and fought a series of ultimately unsuccessful appeals.
Info from:www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/feb/03/ministers-warned-badger-cull-risks-bovine-tb
Sneaked out just before Christmas, Defra's assessment of the 2014 badger cull inspired NFU leaders to claim 'success', writes Rosie Woodroffe. But the figures indicate the precise reverse: that too few badgers were killed to be effective against bovine TB, indeed the cull may even help to spread the disease. ...
Read more at: www.theecologist.org/blogs_and_comments/Blogs/2721026/fail_2014_badger_cull_didnt_kill_enough_badgers_to_be_effective.html
How do you vaccinate a badger?
Inside Out is broadcast on BBC One South West on Monday, 19 January at 19:30 GMT and nationwide for 30 days thereafter on the iPlayer
BBC Inside Out follows the badger vaccination team in west Cornwall as they test whether vaccination could be an effective alternative to culling.
Liz Truss, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs was economical with the truth and downright misleading when she spoke in Oxford recently about bovine TB and badger culling.
One sentence in the statement is clearly alarmist and particularly
"...the disease increased ninefold between 1997 and 2010".
Firstly, there are warnings in Defra's own documents to be conscious
of the acute rise in bTB incidence during the Foot & Mouth outbreak
during 2001/2002 as inclusion of figures from these years will skew
any conclusions, so using a time period spanning 1997 to 2010 is
either negligent or duplicitous.
Secondly, any reference to the rise or fall of bTB incidence must be
made relative to the number of herds/cattle tested as these have
increased dramatically over the years meaning there will be a rise in
cattle detected but not in cattle infected, as confirmed in the latest
AHVLA 'Bovine TB Annual Surveillance Report 2013' which states:
"Since the beginning of 2003, the RELATIVE RATE of increase of OTF-W
[confirmed] breakdowns has fallen by more than a half" - see
https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/388679/tb-pub-surveport-eng13.pdf, page 24
(email from P 15 Jan 2015)
Improved Testing of Infected Cattle Can Beat bTB – Without Culling Badgers, says the Badger Trust in its latest press release, following the recent research results produced by Queen Mary University of London.
Badger culling will potentially reduce the number of bTB infected cattle by just 12 out of 15,000, according to new research. But reducing the interval at which the cattle are tested for bTB by just one month could reduce the number of sick cattle by 193.
The research, released by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) on 14th January 2015, states that ‘regular and frequent testing of cattle could eventually lead to the eradication of the disease, whether or not badgers were culled’. Keeping cattle housed in large sheds over winter could also double the number of infected cattle in a herd, the research says.
Dominic Dyer, of the Badger Trust and Care for the Wild, said:
“This research is large-scale, objective, and takes into full account the possibility of badgers being responsible for bTB infections in cattle – yet still it concludes that the answer to beating this disease is to focus on the cattle. This is the message we at the Badger Trust, Care for the Wild and many others, have been hammering home over the last couple of years, so maybe now the government will feel the need to actually listen.
"The role badgers play in spreading this disease has been massively exaggerated, and the impact of culling them has been completely misunderstood. The fact that keeping large numbers of cows in winter sheds can lead to a doubling in the number of infected animals shows again the simple truth that bTB is caused by cattle spreading it to other cattle. The impact of more frequent testing simply highlights the issue that many infected cows are currently being missed, and are thus spreading the disease without anyone realising. Find the infection, you’ll beat the disease.
"Defra will no doubt dismiss this as irrelevant, because it doesn’t fit with their political strategy. The NFU are trying to claim that the cull has already reduced rates of TB in the area, but there’s no way they can be claiming that. Bovine TB rates are dropping across the whole of the south west – of which the cull zones are an utterly tiny part – and the reason for it can only be the increased testing and better cattle control measures brought in, reluctantly, by the government two years ago."
New figures seen yesterday from the Welsh badger vaccination programme also highlights just how exaggerated the impact of badgers has been.
• In 2014, 1316 badgers were vaccinated and all were returned to the wild in good health. None needed veterinary treatment in view of poor condition, none were found to have visible signs of TB
• After three years of the five year vaccination project, over 3,500 badgers have been vaccinated. None have been found to have visible signs of TB, no badgers have been removed and euthanased as a result, all have been returned to the wild
• Between June 2013 and April 2014 the Welsh Government undertook a road kill survey of badgers in the Intensive Action Area (ie high risk TB area where vaccination is taking place). 30 badgers were collected and tested for TB, only 2 were found to have TB (early stage, no visible TB lesions) which is 7% of the total number of badgers tested
Dominic Dyer added:
“A poll in the Gloucester Post showed this week that two out of three people are against the badger cull being rolled out across the rest of the country. But this figure would be much higher if people weren’t being given the impression that huge numbers of badgers are infected, and weren’t told that culling them is vital to beating the disease. Huge numbers of badgers are not sick, and as we’ve been saying, and as this new research tells us, culling them is not vital, and in fact is not even useful. Wales has improved testing and cut the number of animals slaughtered for bTB by 50% – the answer is staring us in the face.”
Press release from Queen Mary University of London on TB cattle testing and badger culling concluding:
“Our modelling provides compelling evidence, for those charged with controlling Bovine TB, that investment in increasing the frequency of cattle testing is a far more effective strategy than badger culling.”
Modelling produced by researchers at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) has found that the only effective potential Bovine Tuberculosis (TB) control strategies are badger culling, cattle testing, controlling cattle movement, and ceasing the practice of housing farm cattle together during winter. The modelling found that in a region containing about 1.5m cows of which 3000 to 15,000 might have TB, badger culling could account for a reduction of 12 in the number of infected cattle. While reducing the testing interval by one month could reduce the number of those infected by 193.
The model showed that regular and frequent testing of cattle could eventually lead to the eradication of the disease, whether or not badgers were culled, and despite the current test being at most 80% accurate. Badger culling alone, however did not lead to TB eradication in the study and is therefore unlikely to be a successful control strategy.
The model also suggested that housing cattle in large sheds over winter could potentially double the number of infected animals in a herd, as under such conditions there is a much greater chance of TB being passed between cows.
This is the first large-scale model of TB in cattle and badgers that included the possibility of the infection being passed in both directions between the two species. The model successfully mimicked the changing patterns of TB in the UK, including the changes seen after TB controls were reduced during the foot-and-mouth epidemic of 2002.
Researchers Dr Aristides Moustakas and Professor Matthew Evans, of QMUL’s School of Biological and Chemical Sciences, used state-of-the-art computer modelling to understand how the interaction of different factors impacted on infection rates. Such factors included the movement and life-cycles of badgers and cattle; how cattle are moved and housed; how frequently cattle are tested, different types of badger culling; and the infection rates between animals.
The research is published online in Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment.
Professor Matthew Evans, Professor of Ecology at QMUL, said:
“Of the available Bovine Tuberculosis control strategies we believe that how frequently cattle are tested and whether or not farms utilise winter housing have the most significant effect on the number of infected cattle.”
“TB is a complex disease and modelling it is difficult but we’ve successfully used our model to replicate real world situations and are confident that it can be used to predict the effects of various changes in the way we tackle the disease.”
“Our modelling provides compelling evidence, for those charged with controlling Bovine TB, that investment in increasing the frequency of cattle testing is a far more effective strategy than badger culling.”
Why isn't more being done to ascertain why some farms do not appear to get any bovine TB? Perhaps this is what Liz Truss, Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs should be concentrating on, rather than insisting on rolling out further badger culling across the rest of England? Here is a story of a farmer, with an active badger sett, in Somerset where we are told bovine TB is rife in the area and has led to intense badger culling. Let's hope this farmer's situation does not change as a result of any perturbation effect.
A Somerset farmer is celebrating 60 years clear of bovine TB, after all of his cattle passed their most recent test for the disease last month.
Chris and Margaret Burnett, who farm near Martock, keep a total of 51 cattle, made up of 12 Highlands, Longhorns and Charolais.
Chris, 74, who was born on the family-owned farm, has managed to keep the herd’s TB-free status intact for six decades, following the results of their most recent test on December 15, in which all the cattle tested negative for the disease, which continues to cause misery for hundreds of livestock farmers across the South West and further afield.
“I’ve never had a failure here and I have had cattle right from when I left school,” he said.
Chris went on to say that he has a number of badgers on his farm, which are very often in the same field as the cattle. He added that he didn’t know if neighbouring farms were having the same run of luck as him.
“We’ve got badgers here and I have seen them in with the cattle. I have got a badger sett about 60 metres away from my house,” he said.
“The only fault I have with the badgers is that they keep digging up my tulip bulbs.”
Chris admits that despite his long running clear status, he does still get nervous when the cattle are due to be tested. “You could have quite a few go down, you just don’t know, but up until now I haven’t had any.”
He went on to explain that conservation plays a huge role on the farm, part of which is open to the public and includes a landscaped garden, lake and mock Tudor tower.
“It is all down to conservation here,” said Chris. “I don’t use any concentrates and it’s all about feeding them good hay.” He added that he works to maintain the hedges which surround his farm in order to provide shelter for the cattle.
Info from: http://www.westernmorningnews.co.uk/Farmer-stays-clear-bovine-TB-60-years/story-25817477-detail/story.html#comments#ixzz3OForvPU...

Somerset Against the Cull has revealed today that following an independent post-mortem badger 41 tested TB free. Yet again a badger post mortemed by independent experts tests negative for TB whereas the government have tested but a few. Why?
With the police investigation into this female badger's death ongoing they will have more results from the post-mortem as they become available. There is an ongoing police investigation into the shooting as the cull company apparently deny it was part of their operation that night.
An interesting read 'THE TRUTH BEHIND THE BADGER CULL': http://www.curiousmeerkat.co.uk/indepth/badger-cull/
Badger Culling - The Total and Abject Failure of a Politically-Motivated Policy:
Wildlife protection groups in Gloucestershire have reacted strongly to suggestions they were in any way responsible for the low numbers of badgers killed in the county’s recent badger cull.
Peter Martin, formerly of Gloucestershire Against Badger Shooting (GABS) and now with the Badger Trust said, “This claim is ludicrous. Badgers are notoriously sensitive to any human disturbance and are therefore extremely difficult to cull in any circumstances. Clearly the badgers have become wary of traps and human activities from last year’s cull and this was reflected in the very low target number issued by Defra for this year’s cull. However, the contractors have failed even to achieve this.”
“The insinuation in a government Press release that this failure had anything to do with “extensive unlawful protest and intimidation” from protesters is not only insidious propaganda but has been roundly contradicted by the police (1). The shooting licence was altered this year so that gunmen had to retreat if any member of the public was in the area and this was adhered to by the cull company. The protests were entirely peaceful, and did not in any way contribute to the failure of the cull. Nevertheless, we will be asking the Environment Minister to locate the source of this statement and make sure it is never aired again.”
The Badger Trust remains committed to finding a solution to the problem of TB in cattle. Gloucestershire Badger Trust Group Chairman, Tony Dean said, “Blaming badgers for TB is a dangerous time-wasting exercise preventing farmers from getting to the real source of the problem in cattle. Not one of the culled badgers has been tested for the disease and the government and farming pressure groups have continually refused to do so. They are ignoring the scientific evidence and simply scapegoating badgers to disguise their own failure to control the disease.”
“Meanwhile, the Welsh government has reduced their TB rate in cattle by half in just five years by stringent testing, movement controls and a badger vaccination programme. This is clearly the way forward. The badger cull has cost taxpayers £5,300 per badger killed, which mounts up to millions. This money could have been much better spent testing and vaccinating.”
“This latest failed cull should be the end of it,” concludes Tony Dean. “We know from past experience (2) that botched badger culls like this one actually make the TB situation worse for cattle not better. It’s time for the government and farming lobby to move on.”
(1) Statement from Glos Police: “There was not extensive criminal protest in Gloucestershire, there were only three arrests from criminal offences during the entire period of the cull and most protect activity was conducted lawfully. 

The offence of trespass is a civil offence. All reports made to Gloucestershire Constabulary of intimidation and harassment have been fully investigated and there are no prosecutions pending.”
(2) Randomised Badger Culling Trial (RBCT)
Email received 19/12/14
Gloucestershire Cull fails again but government fails to tell the truth
What can we read to the timing? What a good time to release news to be buried quickly. The day after MPs went home from Parliament for Christmas the government has finally admitted that this year’s Gloucestershire Badger Cull was a failure for the second year running. The cull operators killed 274 badgers, just 25% of the maximum number of badgers they intended to kill in this year’s Gloucestershire cull and missed their minimum target by over 340 badgers.
Sadly yet again the government and the NFU are not telling the truth.
Whilst DEFRA confirmed that the Gloucestershire Cull wasn’t effective they are blaming the failure to“extensive unlawful protest and intimidation”. This is despite the Gloucestershire Police confirming yesterday that there were only three arrests during the cull and most protest activity was conducted lawfully.
The Chief Vet, Nigel Gibbens has stated that despite this year’s failure, the Gloucestershire cull should go ahead as long as “there are reasonable grounds for confidence that it can be carried out more effectively in 2015”. This is despite this year’s cull being no more effective or humane than last years. The shooters took almost twelve hours to shoot each badger they killed and had to set each trap more than 50 times for each badger they trapped and shot.
THE NFU have blamed the failure on both protestors and there being far fewer badgers than had been estimated originally. Earlier in the cull they blamed the slow start on the full moon! Despite all of this they are pressing for other areas in Gloucestershire to be included in a wider cull in 2015.
Make no mistake, the cull will go ahead again in 2015 if the Conservative government is re-elected.
A few days ago the usually well informed Guardian have suggested that the cull operators are planning to start the cull in June in 2015 with the intention of targeting badger cubs which will be much easier to trap and shoot. Experts suggest that this will solely be about increasing numbers when in fact most cubs are not infected with bTB. As usual it’s not about the science or what works.
Interesting that the day after Parliament rises the report on the 2nd year of culling has come out! https://www.gov.uk/government/news/new-measures-to-strengthen-bovine-tb-strategy
Despite the dismal failures at many levels (ineffective, costly, unpopular ...) of the badger culls they will apparently be continuing from next summer and the target, we understand, will be badger cubs.
Badger cubs will be shot under plans to shift the controversial cull to early summer in 2015.
The badger culls have so far taken place in the autumn and have repeatedly missed their minimum kill targets. Cubs are easier to catch and shoot and are more numerous in early summer, making it more likely an earlier cull will hit its target.
But scientists have warned killing cubs rather than adults has less effect on cutting TB, while animal campaigners condemned the plan as “appallingly crude and desperate”.
The National Farmers Union (NFU), which speaks for the culling companies, said government licences permit culling to begin any time from June. The Department of Environment Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) said the timing of the culls was a decision for the culling companies.
“An earlier cull would seem to be more about trying to achieve a target number of badgers killed, rather than controlling TB. It’s more like meeting the letter of the law, rather than the spirit,” said leading scientist and badger expert Professor Rosie Woodroffee. She believes the cull pilots in Somerset and Gloucestershire, judged in April not to be effective or humane, should stop immediately.
Badger cubs are born underground in February and first emerge in April. While the cubs and their parents legally cannot be culled until the start of June, it is legal to shoot them under licence afterwards. The cullers intend to start in June or July 2015, according to Guardian sources.
Fewer cattle have been killed in the South West because of bovine TB according to official figures for the last two years.
Figures from the Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs (Defra) show a 12% drop.
The Badger Trust says the figures show a mixture of badger vaccinations and controls on the movement of cattle are working.
The 12% fall in the numbers of cattle slaughtered covers 2012 and 2013. Up to the end of August 2014 it had fallen by 15.2%.

The media has reported on leaked minutes from the BVA that were seen by the Press Association. The main item of interest is in BVA 5 Annex A which details minutes from the BVA's Ethics & Welfare group. They show very clearly that a significant section within the BVA is voicing concern that the BVA's public endorsement of the badger cull does not reflect the views of all BVA members, and in fact many believe the BVA should not be supporting the cull at all. This is crucial as DEFRA has made much of the BVA's support. The main points are:
- point 6 the group's disappointment that DEFRA will announce its 2015 cull plans at the same time as the data from the 2014 cull.
- Point 11 shows that at the July 2014 meeting there was strong feeling by the EWG that the BVA should not continue to support the badger cull for a second year unless there was independent analysis of the data, which of course there isn't. It states that the BVA's public position deviates from that of the majority of EWG members, and they are concerned that their opposition is not being publicly revealed, giving the impression of a consensus that simply isn't there. What is referred to as a previous "fragile consensus" is then dismissed as no longer there at all. Some clearly think the BVA should be open about the fact that not all at the BVA agree.
The Badger Trust has called for the badger cull report to be released now.
Full disclosure of DEFRA’s Independent Audit Report into the effectiveness and humaneness of the 2014 badger culls should be made immediately, otherwise the government risks losing both credibility and support, claim two charities.
Ahead of a meeting between the DEFRA Secretary of State Liz Truss and the British Veterinary Association (BVA) on Thursday 11 December, the Badger Trust and Care for the Wild are calling for the immediate release of the report which will show how many badgers were killed in the Somerset and Gloucestershire culls, and the manner in which they died.
Dominic Dyer, CEO of the Badger Trust and Policy Advisor at Care for the Wild said: “Two months on since the end of the second year of the pilot culls in Gloucestershire and Somerset, Liz Truss must now explain why we have seen no official data on the number of badgers killed, or the results of the much heralded Independent Audit Report which she reassured MPs would prove the Government remains committed to maintaining a level of independent scrutiny of the culling operation.
“The Independent Expert Panel found that the 2013 badger culls were ineffective and failed the humaneness test with up to 18% of badgers taking up to 5 minutes to suffer long painful deaths from gunshot wounds. Without any independent monitoring for the 2014 culls we have no confidence the situation has improved and have real fears it could have got much worse. We therefore call on the Secretary of State to provide full and immediate disclosure of the results of the Independent Audit Report. Should this not be forthcoming we call on the British Veterinary Association to withdraw its continued support for the badger cull policy.”
In the last few days, leaked papers (from the Council of the BVA) have shown that the fragile consensus within the veterinary industry in support of the highly controversial badger culling policy is breaking down. BVA President John Blackwell has also expressed surprise that the report had not been released so far, particularly as monitoring of the cull was meant to have taken place ‘in real time’. There are also concerns that the results of the 2014 cull will not be announced until the government announces its policy for a 2015 cull – thus not allowing the BVA or other interested parties time to assess the data.
Dominic Dyer added: “The BVA refused to support the Badger Trust's legal challenge against the Government in the High Court over the lack of independent monitoring of the 2014 badger culls, which was a real shame. Rather, they relied on reassurances from the Government that the culls would be subject to significant improvements and would also be subject to an independent audit. Their faith in the government is being sorely tested, and the fragile consensus among vets is clearly also close to breaking point. If the report into the 2014 culls isn’t released immediately, we’re calling on the BVA to withdraw its support for the culling process, because clearly something is amiss.”


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