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Wildlife Reservoirs, is the badger a costly distraction, a scapegoat ...?

 Added by  Thomas (Guest)
 22 Jul 2010, 6:43 PM

Prof John Bourne, who conducted the infamous ten year, government-funded study which showed that badger killing is a waste of time and money, recalled what he was told by a senior politician:
"Fine, John, we accept your science, but we have to offer farmers a carrot. And the only carrot we can possibly give them is culling badgers."
This strand on the forum deals mainly with the wildlife reservoirs involved in the bovine TB saga. In the UK this is, as we are probably all aware by now, believed to be mainly the badger. No other mammal has been studied in the UK as intensely as the badger so actually we don't really know just how other animals are implicated. In other countries different species are implicated. There are some anomalies too, including the example below.
Has anyone an explanation for the following!
According to last issue of Gwlad, Australia is now bTB free after 27 years of trying. We are told it has no wildlife reservoir. New Zealand is still aiming for eradication. It has a wildlife reservoir - possums - which are considered a pest species as not indigenous so are being culled - and vaccinated!
HOWEVER - possums ARE native to Australia and bTB was rife in country for years so - why are the Australian possums not a reservoir?

Figures released by the Government show the number of cattle slaughtered in Dorset fell by more than 30% in a two-year period.
There was a 37.25% decrease from 1,192 slaughtered cattle in 2012 to 748 in 2014.
Dorset is rumoured to be next on the list to implement a badger cull, following on from pilot badger culls in Somerset and Gloucestershire. Surely this is not necessary and a complete waste of money, not to mention the welfare of the badger population?
Badger Trust Statement re. Café Nero/Sainsbury’s
The Badger Trust is not involved in any campaigns aimed at boycotting food retailers, restaurants or cafe chains over their milk sourcing policy in connection with the badger culls in Somerset and Gloucestershire.
The Badger Trust is firmly opposed to any threats or intimidation by groups or individuals against these businesses, their premises or staff.
The Badger Trust sees no connection between the continued unnecessary killing of badgers and the government’s austerity programme, and will therefore not be involved in any capacity in the anti-austerity protest march taking place in the City of London on 20 June.
From a press release from the BT dated 1 June 2015.
New Zealand MP Richard Prosserasked a parliamentary question about TB in NZ possums. Details are below but apparently only 54 out of 124,213 possums PM’d were found to have TB!
It seems NZ and British Isles are similar after all – wildlife is irrelevant to bovine TB in both regions!
Order Paper and questions
Questions for written answer
Content provider

18 May 2015
Primary Industries
• Metadata
5862 (2015). Richard Prosser to the Minister for Primary Industries (18 May 2015): How many, if any, possums were dissected to look for Tb for each of the past ten years, and of these, how many were found to have Tb?
Hon Nathan Guy (Minister for Primary Industries ) replied: Reply due: 26 May 2015
Question: How many, if any, possums were dissected to look for Tb for each of the past ten years, and of these, how many were found to have Tb?Portfolio: Primary IndustriesMinister: Hon Nathan GuyDate Lodged:18/05/2015
Answer Text: TBFree New Zealand (previously the Animal Health Board) have been carrying out necroscopy surveillance of possums and other wildlife since 2007. In the 2007/2008 year 4871 possums were surveyed with no Tb infections found, in 2008/2009 13,874 surveyed with 9 found, in 2009/2010 23,339 surveyed with 6 found, in 2010/2011 17576 surveyed with 1 found, in 2011/2012 25,103 surveyed with 9 found, in 2012/2013 18,682 surveyed with 12 found, in 2013/2014 10,930 surveyed with 17 found and in the 2014/2015 year 9,838 possums were surveyed with no infected possums found. Attachment: NoneDate Received:27/05/2015
Richard Prosser MP
New Zealand First List
Bowen House, Parliament Buildings
Private Bag 18 888 Wellington 6011
P +64 4 817 8363 : M +64 21 243 1199
Spokesperson for Primary Industries : Biosecurity : Outdoor Recreation : Serious Fraud Office
Spokesperson for State Owned Enterprises
The British Veterinary Association has withdrawn its support for "controlled shooting" of Britain's largest land carnivore, saying it is unethical when other human methods are available.
Using marksmen to shoot badgers while they are running free has come in for criticism during the two highly controversial culls of the animal in the West Country to tackle bovine TB.
Critics of the strategy say it is far less humane than trapping an animal and shooting it at close range as badgers make difficult targets for even the most skilled shooters, with only a small area on their muscular bodies suitable for a quick kill.
Since the Government first announced its cull plans two years ago, there has been widespread concerns expressed whether it is ethical, humane or based on sound scientific evidence.
But the Government has no appetite for changing its culling policy and ministers today pledged to continue the pilot culls in Somerset and Gloucestershire.
The decision to continue with "controlled shooting" as well as trapping and shooting concerns the BVA.
Its president John Blackwell said: "We are disappointed that the Government has taken the decision to continue using controlled shooting in the pilots given that the first two years of culling failed to demonstrate conclusively that controlled shooting could be carried out effectively or humanely based on the criteria that were set.
Info from: www.express.co.uk/news/nature/580731/badger-cull-marksmen
The British Veterinary Association said at a meeting on 27 May 2015 it could no longer support free shooting and instead called on the Government to switch to a policy of cage trapping badgers before they were shot, on the grounds that it would be more humane.
The Badger Trust has written to the leader of Britain’s vets urging him to withdraw support for the culls, which are due to resume in the Westcountry this autumn.
Dominick Dyer of the Badger Trustsaid: “From our legal action against Natural England we know the Government have largely funded the £15 million costs of the culls to date although they are doing all they can to continue to present the cull as a farmer led and funded policy
“A complete shift to cage trap and shooting would cost around £3,500 per square km to be funded by farmers. Compared to £200 per square km for free shooting it is not sustainable
"Farmers and the NFU cannot meet these huge increase in costs".
In a Badger Trust letter to the BVA chairman John Blackwell he says: “Until now the Government has been happy to take advantage of the BVA’s support for the badger cull to give the impression that their policy is humane and has the full support of the veterinary profession. However, it has been quick to dismiss your views now that they no longer concur with their political objectives.
“This is the kind of disdain and disrespect we have been experiencing all along from this government and now the BVA has joined us and the many eminent scientists whose work and expertise is simply being brushed aside regardless of the truth, animal welfare or even basic rationality in pursuit of reducing TB in cattle.
“The Badger Trust fully appreciates that the veterinary profession relies on the farming industry for much of its income and has to balance its advice against its own self-interest. However, it nevertheless has to maintain professional standards of scientific integrity when giving its advice and that its reputation and long-term survival also depend on this”.
He tells Mr Blackwell: “We feel your reputation has been challenged in a very off-hand way.”
He goes on: “We therefore urge the BVA to publicly withdraw its support for the badger cull policy on the basis that free shooting, which has been proven to be both cruel and ineffective and is now opposed by the BVA, will continue to be used in the pilot culls.”
Read more: http://www.westernmorningnews.co.uk/Badger-Trust-calls-vets-abandon-support-cull/story-26590387-detail/story.html#ixzz3bortimGK
The Badger Trust has reacted strongly to pro-culling comments made by HRH Prince Charles in his recently revealed correspondence with the government.
Peter Martin, the Trust’s newly appointed Chairman and a close neighbour of the Prince in Tetbury said, “These comments display a complete lack of understanding not only of basic badger ecology but also of the true causes of TB in cattle. His comments on overpopulation are completely wrong. Badgers have no natural predators and their population has always been controlled by their own territorial behaviour and by the availability of habitat and food. Their numbers are simply recovering after centuries of persecution by farmers and baiters, which threatened to wipe out the species prior to their legal protection in 1992.”
Responding to comments made by the Prince of Wales that the badger lobby is ‘intellectually dishonest’ the Badger Trust CEO Dominic Dyer said, “This is an extraordinary accusation. He is effectively condemning some of the finest scientific minds in the country, who have clearly stated that culling badgers can play no significant part in the control TB in cattle. This was confirmed by the failure of the two recent pilot culls which were condemned as inhumane and completely ineffective, failing even to reach their basic targets for badgers culled. Moreover, the Prince has insulted 90% of his future subjects who, in a recent ComRes poll, opposed any further culling of badgers.”
The Badger Trust is contacting Clarence House to seek an urgent meeting with the Prince of Wales to clarify its position on badger culling and to present him with the latest scientific studies and farm-level data that prove cattle testing, basic bio-security and movement control measures are the only effective way forward in controlling bovine TB. The Trust feels that if there has been any ‘intellectual dishonesty’ then it is to be found in the farming industry and government’s point-blank refusal to test culled badgers for TB.
“Whilst we accept these comments were made ten years ago,” continues Badger Trust Chairman Peter Martin, “they nevertheless demonstrate a worrying level of misunderstanding on the Prince’s part. Rightly or wrongly he is considered to be very influential not only in farming circles but also as a public opinion former. We need to make sure he is fully apprised of the facts and that his future comments on the subject are based on these rather than persistent rural mythology surrounding the role of badgers in cattle TB.”
“Bovine TB is a form of industrial pollution,” concludes Peter Martin, “our wildlife is being infected with it at an alarming rate and it is incumbent on farmers to prevent that happening by adopting simple good husbandry practices. As a case in point, I was walking on a footpath on the Highgrove estate just this morning and noticed two basic examples of bad practice. Firstly there was a salt-lick placed on the ground [picture taken) where it will attract all sorts of mammals and create a disease hot-spot for TB if it is present in the cattle. Secondly, the cattle trough behind it was too low thereby allowing all kinds of wild mammals to drink from it, including badgers. Both of these are basic mistakes and we feel His Royal Highness should start to address this sort of thing before pointing the finger at wildlife or casting aspersions on the intellectual integrity of the scientific community or the population at large.”
Pictures: Taken were taken by Peter Martin 14th May 2015 showing land on Highgrove Estate with cattle salt-lick on the ground and low mounted cattle trough behind in contravention of basic bio-security guidelines. This location is approx. 100m from a badger sett.
In 1994 Prince Charles had 15 badgers slaughtered after an outbreak of bTB on his Highgrove Estate. All were found to be free of the disease
The Badger Trust is disappointed by the outcome of the Election which has resulted in the return of a Conservative Government remaining committed to the continuation of the pilot badger culls in Gloucestershire and Somerset together with the possible extension of badger culling to other counties of England. The Badger Trust will continue to oppose the badger cull policy on scientific, economic and animal welfare grounds.
We will challenge the badger cull policy in the Courts and in the media; we will lobby MP's of all parties and continue to campaign alongside you in the streets of our towns and cities. Badger Trust will support the wounded badger patrol movement, in order to help rid our countryside of this cruel, disastrous policy, which fails farmers, tax payers and our wildlife.
We will also continue to work with the Government, farmers and landowners to expand badger vaccination in order to build immunity against bovine TB in the badger population.
We would like to thank all our Groups and supporters for your tireless determination and efforts to stop the badger cull policy and we look forward to working closely with you as we continue the fight to end this new Government’s badger culling policy.
Best regards,
Dominic Dyer
CEO Badger Trust
Although farmers and vets are still absolutely certain that "Badgers are the main cause of the spread of TB", so more culls are essential post May 7th; this is a spectacularly wrong misunderstanding of how TB is actually transmitted and spread within the cattle population, and there are two reasons why the actual badger contribution to cattle TB is probably Zero !
There are far too few super-excretor badgers which might be a risk to other badgers or cattle "out there". The 2 recent Pilot culls came to 2494 badgers, so translating from the RBCT/Krebs cull data , perhaps c. 400 with TB, but only 1.65 % superinfectious ones ie. just 7 TB badgers from c. 300 sq.km. A cost of c. £15 million , including some £ 3 million disgracefully wasted on extra policing to protect shooters from protestors or vice versa. And if a typical herd breakdown costs c. £30,000, that is a mere £210,000 possibly saved if they actually improbably did cause herd TB, hardly a rational cost-effective policy.
DEFRA's textbook high density , high risk badger study area is at Woodchester Park, with some 350 badgers in 9 sq.km.
But there has not been even a single herd breakdown in the dozen herds there since 1975, which could unequivocally be "due to badgers". Not surprising given that there were only 17 superexcretor TB badgers over 14 years. And a mere 32 TB badger scats out of 4023 sampled over 5 years, hardly a major risk to cattle.
And despite the confusion over how cattle catch TB it most certainly cannot be from badgers. The Godfray 2013 latest review in the Proc. of the Royal Society, in identifying areas of uncertainty clearly states (para.15):-
"Little is known about how M.bovis is transmitted between badgers and cattle. Transmission may be indirect; for example, through contamination of pasture, feed, and drinking water. Alternatively, direct transmission via aerosol droplets at close contact may occur, possibly inside farm buildings as well as outdoors. No quantitative estimates of any of these transmission rates or their relative importance are currently available ". So after 44 years research, as the Krebs 1997 review noted "It is not known If, How, or to What extent badgers might transmit TB to cattle".
Cattle TB is in fact simply a respiratory broncho-pneumonia, like human "consumption" ( lesions in the lungs or draining lymph nodes www.badgersandtb.com); caught by prolonged close contact in barns or milking parlours. A classic study in 1904 placed 13 calves in a barn with a 2 yard gap to older TB cattle, so purely aerosol spread happened, 5 calves were reactors after 6 months, the other 8 by 1 year. In the only proven case where badgers gave TB to calves in a very artificial yard experiment, 4 calves exposed for under a month did not apparently have TB .
The vast number ofnew herd breakdowns allegedly "Due to badgers" are in fact caused by, and first identified by early TB reactor cattle,which have not yet progressed to the visible lung lesion stage, so-called unconfirmed cases ; 245,000 out of 410,000 cattle removed since foot and mouth 2001, contrasts with just 6123 TB badgers out of 53,130 sampled 1972-2005.
sincerely, Martin Hancox, ex-government Badger TB Consultative Panel.
A joint vet letter on bovine TB and badger culling I put together, rebutting the claims of Roger Blowey and others, has been published by Vet Practice - see P14 of http://www.veterinary-practice.com/issues/2015/05/vp_05_2015.pdf
Dear Sir or Madam:
The science underlying the topic of badgers and bovine TB is highly complex.  This has led to information being deviously manipulated by those who want to cull badgers, whereupon they seize on scraps of data to misrepresent in support of culling while ignoring the overwhelming evidence against it.  As such it has descended into a propaganda exercise by the National Farmers Union to win support for culling and distract attention from the real problem.
The truth is that the persistence of TB in cattle is largely due to the continuing spread of the disease among the cattle themselves.  Scientists at Imperial College London estimate that less than 6% of cattle TB outbreaks are due directly to badgers.
Wales has reduced cattle TB incidence by almost a half in just five years by more rigorous testing of cattle.  While England lags behind, the Westminster Government continues with its badger culling policy, despite two successive years of failure on both efficacy and welfare grounds.  And the cost?  The two pilot culls in Gloucestershire and Somerset have cost the tax payer a staggering £15million in just two years.
This Government has consistently shown a wilful disregard for the science in its pursuit of badger culling.  The Government estimates that badger culling will, at best, lead to a 12 to 16% drop in cattle TB over 9 years, while many experts predict that due to significant changes in protocol it may actually make TB in cattle and badgers worse.  As a result, we have to ask why our politicians are pursuing such an ill-conceived strategy. Political analysts conclude that it is to appease farmers and influential landowners in order to win their votes and financial support.  If re-elected, the Tories will roll out more badger culls across the South West of England that will result in the needless slaughter of thousands more badgers.
Fortunately there are people who are not prepared to tolerate this contemptuous attitude towards our native wildlife for political ends.  I recently joined a number of other scientists and veterinarians in writing to David Cameron to express our deep concerns about the Government’s TB policy
The reply was disappointing and gave no indication of the changes that are so desperately needed.
MPs are there to engage with their constituents on nationally important issues – badger culling ranks as the fifth most common subject of complaint to MP’s in 2014.  I wrote to our Stroud MP, Mr Neil Carmichael, many weeks ago asking for his views on our correspondence with David Cameron.  Apart from the usual acknowledgement, he has yet to reply.  Indeed, he has failed to respond to all my written challenges and offers to discuss this subject since being elected.  Instead of pursuing an objective position based on the facts in his stance on bovine TB, Mr Carmichael simply follows the Conservative whip in Government debates and votes in favour of badger culling.
Dr Chris Cheeseman
Badger Ecologist and former government adviser
You can read the abridged version of Dr Cheeseman’s letter published by Stroud News and Journal here:
You can also read his guest article for Badgergate on why a badger cull won’t work here:
Rethink Btb says 'SAY NO TO TVR CULLING.' They have sent us the following.
We have been researching various aspects of the Test Vaccinate Remove (TVR ) concept which aims to cull diseased badgers and protect,via vaccination, uninfected ones.
In reviewing various scientific papers, communicating with Defra, APHA, DARDNI and others ( links will be posted later), we can see no scientific, practical, economic or moral reason for agreeing to the use of a TVR strategy to reduce BovineTb in cattle.
There is no convincing evidence that selective culling will have a significant effect on the level of cattle Btb. Indeed, there appears to be a risk that it could increase cattle breakdowns due to perturbation.
There is currently no fully evaluated trap side test available for use in a Badger TVR project.
Defra project SE3281 (which includes an informal evaluation of the Chembio DPP test being used by DARDNI in Northern Ireland) will not be looking at cost effectiveness or delivery models.
SE3281will not be complete until September and is unlikely to report this year. Its terms of reference suggest significant further work will be required before
any field trap side test could be evaluated.
DARDNI' s 5 year TVR research project which is field trialing the Chembio DPP test , comparing its results with Gamma IF and Post Mortem results, is not due to complete until 2019.
There is no evidence TVR culling will provide a cost benefit to cattle Btb reduction. Indeed DARDNI have budgeted £7.5million(excluding policing cost) for a 100 sq. km. area which indicates TVR is a very expensive concept to implement.
This test will not differentiate between immune, infected and infectious badgers. There is also uncertainty about the test’s ability to identify vaccinated badgers.
Remember TVR is still culling.
A warning : acceptance of TVR culling will be used by pro cullers to justify badger killing both licensed and illegal.
The badger will become a legitimate target.
The Protection of Badgers Act will be seriously undermined.
Some may argue that TVR culling is better than mass culling.
Our case is that culling badgers to help manage Btb in cattle is the wrong approach.
'Doing the wrong thing better is still 'doing the wrong thing'
Please do the right thing and reject any proposal to accept TVR culling
10 Reasons to Say NO toTVR
1. No evidence TVR will reduce TB in cattle. A trial similar to RBCT would be necessary to establish whether a TVR strategy could have any positive outcome on TB incidence in cattle. Ref.7
2. Modelling and other evidence suggests that TVR could make Btb in cattle worse. Ref.5, 9,
3. Chembio DPP test ( being used by DARDNI in their TVR research project and being informally evaluated by APHA) has not been subjected to a formal evaluation on badgers. Ref.2
4. The DPP test does not distinguish between immune, infected or infectious badgers.
5. Supporting TVR is an acceptance that badger culling can make a meaningful reduction in Btb in cattle.
Cattle vaccination, controls and bio security should be main focus of efforts to reduce Btb in cattle. Ref. 8
6. TVR is culling by another method so keeps culling on the agenda.
7. Why support TVR before knowing:
What the new Government’s policy will be,
Defra Research Project SE3281 is published or
DARDNI .TVR research project is completed.
Ref.3, 6.
8.The long term implication of TVR is that badger persecution could become more widespread as The Badger increasingly becomes a target.
9. If TVR is firmly established and has become the norm the Badger Protection Act would be seriously undermined.
10. DARDNI has budgeted £1-£1.5million per year for 5 years to cover 100sq. km. zone (excluding policing costs). Should TVR be extended to 10 areas each averaging 100sq. km. the expected cost could be as much as £75million, extending to 40 areas at a cost of £300million. This money could be far more effectively invested in the reduction of BTB in cattle by speeding up the introduction of cattle vaccination and other cattle control measures.Ref.6
Badger Test Vaccinate or Remove (TVR)
1. E-mail exchange between Rethinkbtb and Test kit manufacturers CHEMBIO, in Nov. /Dec. 2014. advised that APHA were evaluating DPP on badgers. In fact APHA are only comparing results with the now obsolete BROCK STAT PAK.
2. Freedom of Information request from Rethinkbtb to DEFRA.
RFI 7114. Jan. 2015. Stated DPP evaluation is informal, to compare DDP test with discontinued STAT PAK test to enable proper interpretation of diagnostic test results for future research. This indicates that DEFRA are not evaluating DDP for immediate use in the field.
3. DEFRA SE3281 'Novel field based approaches to the diagnosis of Btb in badgers'. Scheduled finish 1.9.15 when a final report will be prepared. http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Default.aspx?Menu=Menu&Module=More&Location=None&ProjectID=18064&FromSearch=Y&Publisher=1&SearchText=S...
4. DARDNI response to questions from Rethinkbtb relating to BROCK STAT PAK and DPP replacement test. https://www.facebook.com/pages/rethinkbtborg/194661603925667?ref=hl
5. A simulation model to support a study of TVR in Northern Ireland by AHVLA 22.05.13
6. DARDNI Press release on Test and Vaccinate or Remove (TVR) wildlife intervention research
. http://www.dardni.gov.uk/index/animal-health-and-welfare/animal-diseases/bovine-tuberculosis/tb-research-and-development/test-an...
7. Email to Rethinkbtb from Dr Chris Cheeseman 18.12.14 This summarises the issues why TVR will not be effective in reducing bovine TB in cattle. Particularly important it states that it would be necessary to carry out a trial similar to RBCT to establish whether TVR strategy could have any positive outcome on TB incidence in cattle.
8. Article arguing against TVR with useful supporting links
9. Badger responses to small scale culling may compromise targeted control of bovine TB. Rosie Woodroffe et al. 24.6.14 Highlights risk of perturbation.
10. Validation of ante mortem TB tests in camelids. Martin Vordermeier et al 28.5.12 Demonstrates poor performance of DPP in camelids. No similar research studies found for badgers
One of the side effects of badger culling, which many pro cullers are not aware of or choose to ignore is the increased persecution of badgers and the extreme cruelty some enjoy inflicting on this creature. There is an depth interview on badger persecution which went out on BBC Look North recently which includes reports at:
Northern Ireland (NI) Badger Group Defends Badgers Against Bovine TB Claims. http://www.downnews.co.uk/ni-badger-group-defends-badgers-against-bovine-tb-claims/
Badger vaccination roll out after success of West Cornwall trial
A project to vaccinate badgers against TB will be rolled out across west Cornwall after the success of a trial.
Andrew George MP, who who instigated the first community led badger vaccination programme in the UK, heralded the first pilot year of the badger vaccination programme, in partnership with the Zoological Society of London, a "great success".
Mr George and Zoological Society of London's Professor Rosie Woodroffe – acknowledged national badger ecologist – developed the project in response to concerns about the Government’s programme to eradicate bovine TB in cattle.
Both were concerned that the Government’s pilot badger cull ran the very high risk of making the problem of bovine TB significantly worse and, in any case, could not be rolled out in West Cornwall because previous experiments showed that landowner cooperation and disruption would render a cull unworkable.
The report states that cooperation amongst farmers and landowners was high and successful trapping and vaccinating badgers was undertaken efficiently with negligible animal welfare consequences. It is planned to significantly roll the project out across the Penwith area next year with an aim to cover the whole of Penwith over the next four years.
Info from: www.falmouthpacket.co.uk/news/11878820.Badger_vaccination_roll_out_after_success_of_West_Cornwall_trial/
The consequences of badger cull are more far reaching and badger persecution is rife, Please see below the text of the Badger Trust letter to the Right Honourable Elizabeth Truss, MP, Secretary of State for the Environment Food & Rural Affairs, which was sent on 19th March 2015 following our meeting with her on 3rd March 2015.
Dear Secretary of State
During our meeting on Tuesday, 3rd March to discuss the government’s badger cull policy, you gave us an undertaking that your department would issue a statement condemning the illegal killing and persecution of badgers. To date we have not seen such a statement and are therefore concerned to know the reason for the delay.
As you are aware all badgers and their setts are fully protected by the Protection of Badgers Act 1992. Anyone who takes, kills or injures a badger, or who interferes with a badger sett, can be sent to prison for six months and/ or be fined up to £5,000.
We are particularly concerned that the pilot badger culls have caused a huge increase in illegal killing, something DEFRA’s own Risk & Issues Logs (RILs) clearly predicted. The Badger Trust Incidents Report, which compiles annual records from our supporters, general public, police and the RSPCA has shown a 116% increase from 323 persecution incidents in 2012 to 697 in 2013.
These incidents not only show a worrying escalation in the number of farmers and landowners willing to illegally kill badgers but also in the cruel methods used, such as by gassing, shooting, poisoning and snaring. The apparent legitimising of these abhorrent activities by the implementation of the government’s cull needs to be addressed immediately.
These attacks have become a blight on our society and countryside, and we feel it very important that Government Ministers are seen to be leading the fight against wildlife crime, particularly the Secretary of State responsible for DEFRA. We shall put this letter in the public domain and look forward to seeing your response in the very near future.
Yours sincerely
Dominic Dyer
CEO Badger Trust
See article at: www.theecologist.org/blogs_and_comments/commentators/2795093/will_the_badger_cull_cost_the_tories_the_election_it_certainly_ should.html
The Gloucestershire Badger Group chaired by Tony Dean together with local campaigners have welcomed the announcement by Natural England that the NFU’s subsidiary cull contractor Gloscon may be stripped of their licence to cull this year. This threat follows the failure of Gloscon to achieve even half their target of 615 badgers in last year’s cull.
“Things are just going from bad to worse for this policy,” comments Tony Dean. “We warned all along that culling badgers simply wasn't practical and despite throwing millions of pounds of taxpayer’s money at it, the NFU has been unable to achieve the most basic requirement of the pilot culls.”
The government and NFU have tried to blame the cull’s failure on protester activities and ‘intimidation’, but Gloucester Constabulary were quick to rebut this, stating that only three arrests had been made during the last cull and they were all part of a single incident.
“We know from the police that a significant number of cull operatives have had their firearms licences amended to prevent them taking part in future culling as a result of breaches of safety or licence protocols,” continues Tony Dean. “Gloscon have struggled from the start to get enough operatives to do this work and that surely is a major reason why these culls have failed. If their licence is revoked we cannot see anyone else being able to step in to do it.”
Badger campaigners are equally dismissive of recent claims about the cull’s impact on bovine TB (bTB) by pro-cull vet Roger Blowey, farmer David Grifiths and NFU President Meurig Raymond. “They are clutching at straws,” says Peter Martin, who was involved in the peaceful protests during the cull and has recently become a member of the Gloucestershire Badger Group. “Analysis of Defra’s own figures shows a sustained general trend downwards in bTB across many English counties, including those that have seen no culling of badgers. These same figures show a direct link between increased cattle testing over the last six years and significant reductions in rates of bTB.”
“Most of the cattle in Gloucestershire will not have been tested again since the end of the cull, so it is simply not possible to state whether it has had any effect on bTB rates, an observation confirmed recently by the government’s own Chief Veterinary Officer, Nigel Gibbens. Equally, the fact none of the culled badgers was ever tested for bTB shows that the whole process of culling is not only unscientific but being conducted ‘blind’.
“The area of Gloucestershire actually culled is simply too small to make any difference to cattle bTB,” continues Peter Martin, “of the 274 badgers they managed to kill, existing scientific research tells us only 1.6% will have been infectious, which equates to less than five badgers. How could that possibly be linked to a reduction in bTB across the county?”
Badger Trust CEO Dominic Dyer said: “The NFU are becoming increasingly isolated as more and more people distance themselves from this disastrous policy. Even their spokesman Andrew Guest complained on BBC Radio’s Farming Today that it wasn't possible to know how many badgers there are and how difficult they are to kill at night. But the biggest clue for us is that the Environment Secretary Liz Truss was conspicuously non-committal on the government’s plans for the cull when pressed at our meeting in Whitehall on 3rd March 2015. We can’t help wondering now if she already knew that Natural England could be about to pull the plug on the whole sorry enterprise.”
Badger Trust Press Release 9/3/15
The Badger Trust's report of its recent meeting with Liz Truss, DEFRA Secretary of State, is at http://www.badgertrust.org.uk/news/posts/2015/liz-truss-meeting-update.aspx - an interesting meeting but of significant concern was: 'We knew our facts and we were no doubt better briefed and had a clearer understanding of TB policy than the Secretary of State who is responsible for its implementation.'

Badger Trust calls on NFU to stop misleading the public over the impact of badger culling
Ahead of a meeting with the Environment Secretary Liz Truss on the 3 March, the Badger Trust has called on the National Farmers’ Union to stop misleading the public by making claims over the impact of badger culling on TB rates in cattle in the Gloucestershire and Somerset cull zones, which have no scientific foundation and are not supported by Government data from the pilot badger culls.
At the NFU Annual Conference in Birmingham on Tuesday 24 February, the NFU President Meurig Raymond stated: “I want to stress that in the two pilot areas in Somerset and Gloucestershire we are already seeing that TB incidence on farms has declined. Not just by a small amount either, in the Somerset Pilot area TB incidence on farms has decreased from 34% to 11% compared with two years’ ago”.
He then went on to say: “just two days’ ago, one of our Gloucestershire members was given the fantastic news that his farm is now clear of TB for the first time in 11 years. He is very clear that the only thing that’s changed on his farm is that we are now doing something to control the disease in wildlife”.
When making these statements the NFU President at no point confirmed that it was far more likely these reductions in TB (which have also been seen outside of the cull zones) were due to tighter testing, movement and biosecurity controls forced on the UK farming sector by the European Commission in 2012. He also made no mention of the fact that DEFRA have not released any data on the pilot culls to support any claims about the impact of badger culling on TB rates in cattle.
In responding to the claims by the NFU, the CEO of the Badger Trust said:
“Nigel Gibbens, the DEFRA Chief Veterinary Officer, recently stated that: “the fall in TB outbreaks in cattle herds, cannot be attributed either to the pilot culls or in Wales to their badger vaccination programme. It is to do with continued strengthening of the cattle measures”.
“Meurig Raymond seems to have forgotten these important facts when it comes to his NFU conference speech.
“The Badger Trust would never make any claims about the impact of badger vaccination without scientific evidence to back it up and we expect the NFU to do the same, when it comes to making claims about the impact of badger culling.
“We must deal in facts not fiction when it comes to assessing the impact of the badger culls on lowering bovine TB. When it comes to real facts the case against the badger cull policy is damning.
“Approximately £15 million has been spent killing 2476 badgers to date (£6058 a badger). None of these culled badgers were tested for TB, but data from a Government-led scientific trial and results from badgers tested by DEFRA in 2013 for the European Food Safety Authority, indicate a disease rate no higher than 15%.
“Many of these badgers were shot by poorly trained marksmen with no effective monitoring and took up to 10 to 15 minutes to die a long painful death by multiple gunshot wounds.
“This is despite the fact that the DEFRA Chief Scientist Ian Boyd confirmed at an NFU TB conference in November 2014, that the transmission rate of TB from badgers to cattle is less than 6%. The key route of infection is cattle to cattle transfer.”
Despite culling around 6,000 badgers each year (total body count now over 100,000) the Republic of Ireland experienced a rise in reactors last year - 533 more reactors than 2013, which is around a 3% increase.
See http://www.farmersjournal.ie/tb-levels-rise-by-3-in-2014-174589/
Labour Party listens to Badger Trust & vows to stop disastrous and inhumane badger cull.
The Labour Party will today launch its pre-election wildlife protection and animal welfare pledges at the Wetland Wildlife Reserve in Barnes West London.
Following discussions with the Badger Trust and other wildlife conservation groups, a key commitment will be to stop the current cruel badger cull policy. The Shadow Environment Secretary, Maria Eagle MP will tell MP's, journalists and representatives from wildlife protection organisations attending the launch event, that an incoming Labour Government is committed to stopping both the badger cull pilots and national roll out of the cull policy.
"Dominic Dyer, CEO of the Badger Trust, who will be attending the launch event said "The Badger Trust organised a major debate on the badger cull policy at the last Labour Party conference in Manchester and along with other NGO's we have worked closely with the Shadow Environment Team over the last 12 months, to help shape their thinking on this policy.
“With a recent MORI poll showing that the badger cull was the fifth most common issue of complaint to MPs in 2014, Ed Milliband is only too aware of the huge, intense public anger over this cruel and ineffective policy.
“I am pleased to see that the Labour Party recognise that the badger cull has been a massive failure on scientific, economic & humaneness grounds and that playing the badger blame game must be stopped when it comes to reducing the spread of bovine TB.
“An incoming Labour Government only have to look to Wales for a far more effective bovine TB reduction strategy, which is based on tighter cattle testing, movement and bio security controls supported by badger vaccination rather than culling.
“This policy has delivered a 48% drop in new outbreaks of TB in cattle herds in Wales over the last 5 years and has proved a far better deal for the tax payer and farmers together with the protection of our wildlife.
“Any attempt by the Government to claim that the culling of tens of thousands of badgers in Ireland by gassing, snaring and shooting justifies a similar policy in England, has been completely undermined by the latest data from the Irish Government which shows that TB rates in cattle rose by 3% in Ireland in 2014
“I also look forward to taking this message to the Environment Secretary Liz Truss when she meets with the Badger Trust on the 3 March"
Info from press relase from Badger Trust 18/2/15
The Labour leader, Ed Miliband, took part in a question and answer session in Stroud, Glos recently. One of the topics discussed was the badger cull in the county which took place just a few miles away. He promised it would stop under a Labour government.
We are against the cull, we've got to stop it going ahead. I say be guided by the science on this, why not just be guided by the science. And the science is telling us that it isn't the answer.
Ministers were warned of badger cull risks, documents show
Risk registers published after freedom of information battle reveal warnings over strong public opposition and risk of making bovine TB problem worse, not better.
Ministers were warned of the severe risks posed by England’s controversial badger cull three years before they began, according to documents released after a two-year legal battle.
Strong public opposition to the policy halting the cull was one of the top-ranked problems assessed by the ‘risk registers’, which are released the day after David Cameron admitted the badger cull is “probably the most unpopular policy I’m responsible for”.
Other significant risks were that the cull could cause an increase in tuberculosis in cattle, rather than decrease it, cost more than the funds available to government agencies and the police, and that “disagreement on the evidence base” would lead to “conflicting messages” to ministers.
The pilot culls in Gloucestershire and Somerset have repeatedly missed their targets for the minimum number of badgers shot, leading experts to warn that disrupted badgers could spread TB further. Most independent scientists have condemned the cull and an independent panel ruled the first year’s culling to be neither effective or humane. The culls cost the government £6.3m in the first two years and the police £3.5m in the first year alone.
“The risk registers clearly show a policy that should never have moved beyond the starting blocks,” said Dominic Dyer, chief executive of the Badger Trust and policy advisor for Care for the Wild. “From day one it was clear to all involved that badger culling would be hugely expensive and would pose a significant risk of TB spread as a result of perturbation. If the public and MPs were given access to this information before the policy was implemented, we could have stopped this disastrous cull, saving millions of pounds of public money and the lives of thousands of badgers.”
The Badger Trust requested the risk registers, compiled in 2010, using freedom of information laws. The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) refused and fought a series of ultimately unsuccessful appeals.
Info from:www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/feb/03/ministers-warned-badger-cull-risks-bovine-tb
Sneaked out just before Christmas, Defra's assessment of the 2014 badger cull inspired NFU leaders to claim 'success', writes Rosie Woodroffe. But the figures indicate the precise reverse: that too few badgers were killed to be effective against bovine TB, indeed the cull may even help to spread the disease. ...
Read more at: www.theecologist.org/blogs_and_comments/Blogs/2721026/fail_2014_badger_cull_didnt_kill_enough_badgers_to_be_effective.html
How do you vaccinate a badger?
Inside Out is broadcast on BBC One South West on Monday, 19 January at 19:30 GMT and nationwide for 30 days thereafter on the iPlayer
BBC Inside Out follows the badger vaccination team in west Cornwall as they test whether vaccination could be an effective alternative to culling.

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